Politeness & Interaction in Goldsmith’s She Stoops to Conquer
Keywords: politeness, interaction, character, positive face, negative face
Politeness is best expressed as the practical application of good manners &etiquette. It is a culturally defined phenomenon and what is considered polite in one party can often be
quite rude or simply strange in another. In language study &according to Richard (1985:223) politeness means how languages express the social distance between speakers and their different role relationships and how face works, i.e. the attempt to establish, maintain and save face during conversation in a speech community .The method of analysis used in this paper is in line with the aspect outlined in Leech (1983).The principal question this study tends to answer is how much literary discourse lends itself to such a frame work of analysis
?Accordingly, the aims of the study can be stated as follows:-
1- Conducting an analysis of two
scenes from Oliver Goldsmith’s She Stoops to Conquer.
2- Showing how the play writer uses the principle of politeness to contrast his characters in terms of their strategies.
In the light of the analysis, it becomes clear that the absolute politeness is introduced as a scale or set of maxims that have positive & negative poles that help to appreciate and follow the character development in the play. The study comes up with the conclusion that not all the maxims &sub maxims are equally important in revealing the character’s positive face and politeness, i.e, some maxims and sub-maxims are violated at the expense of others to achieve certain points.