From Global to Glocal: An Investigation of Pakistan Military Academy Students’ Perspective on Cultural Aspects in English Language Pedagogy

Author: Dr Ansa Hameed

Keywords: Culture, ELT, globalization, Glocalization, PMA


In response to the inculcation of global culture, the behavior of glocalization was shaped and disseminated into various fields of life including education and English language pedagogy across various countries. The current study focused on providing an insight into this glocalization with a special orientation to learning and teaching the English language in the Pakistani context with a particular focus on military academia. The research aimed to inquire about the active participants of the learning process i.e. the students, with respect to their perspectives regarding inculcation of glocalization in their ELT curriculum. The research was primarily survey-based research which was conducted at Pakistan Military Academy (PMA), Kakul, and 189 cadets are the respondents of this survey. The analytical framework of Byram (1997, 2001) and Byrem & Feng (2006) is adapted and utilized. The study reveals that ELT contents at PMA are more embedded with the culture of the UK and lack the local culture of the cadets. Moreover, the cadets are found positive towards the suggestion of including the culture of various parts of national and military culture in their English textbooks. The current study recommended reappraisal of English language rehearsals at PMA with a special orientation towards the glocalization element which appreciates a mixture of cultural elements from local to a global context.