Experimental Phonetics and Phonology in Indo-Aryan & European Languages

Author: Dr. Abdul Malik Abbasi

Keywords: Phonetics, Phonology, Stress, Lexical, Experimental

DOI: 10.2478/jolace-2018-0023

Phonetics and phonology are very interesting areas of Linguistics, and are interrelated.
They are based on the human speech system, speech perception, native speakers’ intuition,
and vocalic and consonantal systems of languages spoken in this world. There are more
than six thousand languages spoken in the world. Every language has its own phonemic
inventory, sound system, and phonological and phonetic rules that differ from other
languages; most even have distinct orthographic systems. While languages spoken in
developed countries are well-studied, those spoken in underdeveloped countries are not.
There is a great need to examine them using a scientific approach. These under-studied
languages need to be documented scientifically using advanced technological instruments
to bring objective results, and linguistics itself provides the scientific basis for the study of
a language. Most research studies to date have also been carried out with reference to old
or existing written literature in poetry and drama. In the current era of research, scholars
are looking for objective scientific approaches, e.g., experimental and instrumental studies
that include acoustic research on the sound systems of less privileged languages spoken
locally in developing countries. In this context, Sindhi is an example of this phenomenon and un-researched with reference to syllable structure and the exponents of lexical stress
patterns.